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Factors Influencing Commercial Custom Circuit Board Assembly

Whether you are new to the PCB industry or are looking to improve your PCB manufacturing process, there are certain factors you should consider. These include surface-mount technology vs. through-hole technology, the dielectric constant, and loss tangent. These factors can significantly impact the production of commercial PCB assembly services.

Surface-mount technology vs. through-hole technology

A better understanding of surface mount technology vs. through-hole technology will help you optimize your PCB assembly capabilities. Instead, the process involves applying solder paste to a PCB stencil and placing components on the surface.

Although surface mount technology has several advantages, it can also have disadvantages. One disadvantage is that surface mount components are not as large as their through-hole counterparts. In addition, the process of mounting components is also time-consuming and requires more advanced equipment.

Through-hole technology helps to mount electronic components, but it can limit routing space on multilayer PCBs. Despite this disadvantage, it has been helpful for years in electronics manufacturing. It is also helpful for some products, such as connectors, which require strong mechanical bonds.

Although it is not as efficient as surface mount technology, it is still more efficient in certain situations. It is the best type of board assembly for high-volume productions. It can also be essential for prototypes and small-scale projects.


Through-hole components are made of metal and contain leads that go through drilled holes in the board. We solder the lead wires to a solder joint on the other side of the board. However, these leads take up much more space than surface-mount components.


Surface-mount components do not need drilled holes, which results in smaller and more efficient PCB assemblies. These components are also more compact, and we can apply them to both sides of a board. In addition, they have small lead diameters, which increases the amount of component density.


Surface-mount technology is also faster than through-hole technology. As a result, assembling components is faster, resulting in lower production costs. It also allows for the use of a higher pin count. Although each type of PCB assembly solutions has several advantages and disadvantages, the mixed assembly is considered the better choice.


Surface-mount technology is more widely helpful in the electronics industry than through-hole technology. It is easier to mount electronic components and can save time and money.

Loss tangent


Besides the requisite copper and epoxy layers, a handful of other factors go into making a commercial custom circuit board. A savvy manufacturer knows that choosing the right material for the job requires carefully selecting the appropriate components and a bit of forethought on PCB assembly requirements. The dielectric insulator is no exception.

The best way to go about it is by choosing a material rated for a particular application based on cost, functionality, and performance. The result is an aesthetically pleasing product that translates to increased productivity and a reduction in overall cycle times. Of course, with the advent of the internet, there are many options for choosing the best component suppliers, but the adage is still true.

Shopping around for the best rates and service is a good idea. An excellent place to start is with your local distributor’s literature or online product catalog. In addition, a knowledgeable sales representative can be a valuable asset to your company’s bottom line.

A good design guide will also help select the right component for the job. One thing to remember is that a high-quality component will require the proper tooling and some elbow grease. This is a particularly critical consideration for high-frequency applications. An excellent place to start is with the most common materials in the PCB market, such as lead-free solder, nickel, and aluminum. Besides the common materials, we can engineer many advanced materials, such as dielectric composites and glass-filled materials, to produce designer dielectrics.

Dielectric constant

Printed circuit boards are the building blocks of industrial and consumer electronics. They consist of a non-conductive substrate layer between copper layers. Various materials help in PCB assemblies, which have numerous desirable properties. Among these properties, one of the most important is the dielectric constant.

This property is essential in high-frequency applications. If the dielectric constant is high, the signal propagation speed will be slower. Therefore, it is preferable to use a material with a stable dielectric constant for safe and effective operation.

Generally, a PCB’s dielectric constant depends on its embedded system’s frequency and the material’s properties. A dielectric material suitable for a high-frequency application must have high thermal and electrical conductivity and chemical resistance.


For high-frequency applications, the best material to use is polyimide. It has excellent chemical and thermal properties and is flexible at high temperatures. However, it is expensive.

Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) is another popular material for high-frequency boards. It is a synthetic polymer. PTFE has excellent properties for high-frequency circuit boards, but it is expensive. It is also challenging to etch in ferric chloride. It has a low dielectric loss and dissipation factor.

Another material to consider is polyethylene, which has excellent physical and electrical properties. However, it is mechanically soft and has poor solvent resistance. It is also challenging to clad.

Polyester is also a good material for high-frequency applications but is not ideal for microwave devices. It has a dielectric constant of 3.5 to 4.0 and a dissipation factor of 0.004 to 0.014 at megacycles. It is a good choice for high-speed circuit boards.

A third material, polyphenylene oxide, has a dielectric constant of 2.55. It is also challenging to etch in ferric chloride. In addition, it has a dissipation factor of 0.0009. It is also expensive and challenging to laminate. Nevertheless, it is usually helpful in single-sided consumer electronics. Its electrical properties are similar to those of Teflon fiberglass.

FR-4 is the most widely used material in PCB assemblies. It is an epoxy-compound material woven from glass fibers. It is considered the universal standard for PCBs.

PCB design

Several factors influence the cost of PCB assembly services. Among these are the type of components used, the materials used, and PCB assembly services.

An essential component of any PCB is the copper traces. Copper traces are necessary to establish connections between components. We form Copper traces by cutting copper from a solid metal sheet.

Another essential element of a PCB is the vias. Vias are conductive, copper-colored bands insulated from the board substrate material. The shape and location of traces affect the layout of a PCB. Vias can be single or multiple layers.

We should consider traces early in the design process. Traces that are too close together can cause problems with crosstalk. Too wide traces can increase the number of layers needed and the printed circuit board assembly size. Traces that are too thin can also cause problems.

We should place traces at right angles to avoid capacitance problems. This is especially true for high-speed signals. Traces that are too close together can result in shorts. Traces should also be in a way that reduces the risk of crosstalk.

Multilayer PCBs are also becoming more common. This design type allows for more routing options. They also can help to decrease printed circuit board length and increase component density. The design also allows for the separation of power and ground planes. This helps to manage power efficiently.


Another important factor influencing the cost of a commercial custom circuit board is the number of layers. Multilayer PCBs can also help to reduce EMI and improve signal frequencies.


Other important factors influencing the cost of a commercial custom PCB are the size of the board, the type of components used, and the number of parts. In addition, component type and technology can influence the cost of a PCB.

PCB Manufacturing process

Lastly, the type of PCB board fabrication process is essential. For example, semi-additive processing is commonly helpful for multilayer printed circuit boards. This process is a good choice for components that are small in size because it allows for maximum component packing density.

Why Choose Prototype and Quickturn custom PCB assembly services

SMD Components

Choosing a PCB prototype and Quickturn PCB Assembly service can help reduce your costs while ensuring your product goes to market quickly. These services will also help you identify design and manufacturing problems before a full-production run. If you decide to hire a service provider, make sure that you choose a company that can deliver high-quality printed circuit boards in the shortest time possible. You should also ask about certifications and quality control.


Prototype PCB Assembly consists of state-of-the-art technology and materials. They are fireproof, waterproof, and anti-static. They are ideal for testing individual components and the function of a complete PCB design. This helps you catch design flaws, errors, and inefficiencies early in the PCB manufacturing process. Using a prototype can also reduce the time and money spent on redesigns and rework.


Prototypes are also more affordable than standard production PCB assembly. The price of PCBs varies according to the PCB design, materials used, and production techniques. Also, the PCB’s packaging type can affect the final cost. For example, some printed circuit boards require double-sided plating, and other PCBs can have single or multiple layers. Different PCB assembly requirements vary with surface finishes. Some designs may need a model to illustrate how the product works. A visual model can also be used to check for visual mistakes.


Quick-turn PCB assembly services are perfect for a range of different PCB designs. These services provide quick turnaround time and high-quality circuit boards. They can deliver them within 48 to 72 hours, which is perfect for urgent projects. However, other quick-turn PCB assembly services on the market aren’t as reliable. So make sure to choose a PCB manufacturer that can deliver high-quality circuit boards in the fastest time possible. You should also ask about certifications, quality control, and certification processes.

Quality of commercial PCB assembly services

Getting a product to market is essential for generating revenue and staying ahead of the competition. However, having a design that has design problems can cost you a fortune. This is why choosing a PCB manufacturer that can provide high-quality prototypes and Quickturn PCB Assembly services is essential. This will help you to ensure that your project is successful.

Reduce errors

Prototypes are used throughout the design process, as they help to eliminate guesswork and help engineers and technicians test the functionality of a product. This allows them to catch errors early on and prevent costly rework later in production. Prototypes also enable quick variations of a design before a full production run. These changes can be costly and time-consuming, so having a prototype allows you to test multiple designs before making a final decision.

In addition to using prototypes to test the functionality of a product, manufacturers can also use them to identify defects and inefficiencies in their design. Prototypes can also be ideal for testing individual components and troubleshooting. They can also help to show a client how their product works, which reduces time spent explaining to customers how to use it.