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How to Design PCB in EasyEDA

EasyEDA is a web-based software program that enables users to create PCB layouts and schematics for electronic circuits. Both experts and enthusiasts may use it because it should be simple. A schematic capture tool, PCB layout editor, and an integrated component library are just a few of the program’s many functions. Moreover, it has collaboration facilities that let numerous users collaborate on a project simultaneously. Electronic circuits, including analog, digital, and mixed-signal circuits, may be designed and simulated using EasyEDA. Due to its accessibility and ease of use, experts and enthusiasts favor it.

How does it work?

EasyEDA is a PCB layout and electronic circuit design tool that runs in the cloud. Users do not need to download or install software because it operates solely within a web browser.

Using tools like schematic capture, a PCB layout editor, and a library of components, users may build schematics and PCB layouts using EasyEDA’s user-friendly interface. Then, before the physical implementation, users may model and test their designs using the software’s simulation tool.

Users may work together on ideas and designs by sharing them with others. Ordering the PCBs and components required for the design is also made simple by EasyEDA’s interface with well-known providers like JLCPCB and LCSC.

Generally, EasyEDA is well-liked by experts and enthusiasts since it provides an easy-to-use method for designing electronic circuits and PCB layouts.

Steps of designing PCB in EasyEDA

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Here are the general steps for designing a PCB in EasyEDA:

Create a new project

The steps involved in starting a new project on EasyEDA are as follows:

Register for an account on the EasyEDA website or log in.

After logging in, you’ll move to the dashboard. Click the “Create a New Project” button.

Choose a category and give your project a name. For example, schematic software, PCB Layout, Simulation, Library, and Collaboration are offered categories.

If you wish to use a project template, you may also do so. For each category, there are several templates available.

After creating your project, you will move to the EasyEDA editor, where you may start designing.

You may expand your circuit’s component list in the schematic editor. Using the search bar, you may go through the categories or enter a single component’s name to narrow your search.

After you’ve located the part you need, click on it and drag it to where you want it to be in your schematic.

Use the “Wire” tool from the toolbar on the left-hand side of the editor to link components. You only need to click on one pin to begin the wire and another pin to end it.

You may arrange the components on the PCB and route the traces that will connect them in the PCB layout editor.

Further tools, such as “Design Manager” and “Library Manager,” are also available for managing design files and component libraries.

When complete, you may export and save your project in various formats, including Gerber files required for PCB manufacture.

Using the EasyEDA website, you may use the “Collaboration” option to share your project with others. This function may invite users to see and modify your project.

Import the .dxf Into EasyEDA

Hit the “New Lib” button after selecting “PCB Libs” from the top toolbar.

Give your library a name and choose “PCB” as the library type in the “New Library” dialog box. To create the library, click “OK.”

Choose the new library, then choose “DXF” from the dropdown menu by clicking the “Import” button on the top toolbar.

Click “Open” after selecting the.dxf file you wish to import.

Choose the appropriate import parameters in the “Import DXF File” dialog box. The measurement unit, the layer to import, the scale, and other settings are all selectable. Click “Import” when you have made your selections.

After the import is complete, the imported form should appear on the workspace. The form can then be adjusted as necessary using EasyEDA’s sketching tools.

Click the “Save” button after generating your unique shape to save your work.

Route and Allocate the Circuit Components

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Make a schematic diagram of your circuit to start. EasyEDA offers a simple user interface for creating schematic diagrams using a variety of symbols and elements.

You may begin arranging the components on the PCB layout as soon as your schematic design is ready. Then, you may create the PCB layout for your circuit using the built-in PCB editor in EasyEDA.

Start by logically ordering the components on the PCB layout while considering component placement requirements, current flow, and signal pathways. Then, put related components in groups, and keep high-frequency components separate from those that produce noise.

You may begin routing the connections once the components are in place. Routing features from EasyEDA include manual routing, auto-routing, and interactive routing.

To reduce signal loss and interference, aim to make the signal pathways as short as feasible during routing. In addition, maintain as orderly and organized a routing as possible by avoiding intersecting signal pathways.

To examine your PCB layout for mistakes or violations, use the Design Rule Check (DRC) tool. For example, you can find any clearance violations, netlist mistakes, or overlap violations using the DRC tool.

If you are pleased with your PCB layout, you may create the Gerber files, which are the common files used by manufacturers to create PCBs.

To prevent losing any progress, always remember to save your work periodically. To get started and benefit from their program, EasyEDA offers many tutorials and guidance on their website.

Generate a netlist for the PCB layout

An essential step in designing a printed circuit board is producing a netlist for PCB layout. All of the design’s components, their connections, and the electrical connections that link them are in the netlist. The procedures to create a netlist for PCB layout are as follows:

Draw the schematic diagram for your PCB design using a schematic capture program. You must depict each component and its relationships in this diagram.

After drawing the schematic diagram, construct a netlist using the schematic capture tool. The components and their connections come from the schematic diagram in this procedure. It compiles a list of all the electrical connections in the design.

Ensure the netlist appropriately represents the schematic diagram after its generation. For example, you must review the netlist carefully to ensure all the components are available and their connections are proper,

Save the netlist as a file to load into the PCB layout software. The software stores netlist files in the SPICE, Protel, and PADS file

Import the netlist file into the PCB layout program. The physical arrangement of the components on the board and the electrical connections between them will be created by the PCB layout tool using the netlist.

Once the PCB layout is complete, you should run a design rule check (DRC) to ensure the design complies with all production limitations and specifications.

Lastly, producing a netlist is essential in creating a PCB layout. The netlist gives the PCB layout tool a direction to follow as it creates a physical layout of the board by precisely recording the electrical connections between the design’s components.

Design rules

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Observe these procedures to build up trace width, clearance, and through size design rules in EasyEDA:

Open EasyEDA and your PCB design project.

On the toolbar at the top of the screen, select the “Design Rules” button. The “Design Rule Check” (DRC) dialog box will appear.

In the DRC dialog box, you may specify your design criteria for trace width, clearance, and via size.

Click the “Net Width” option to adjust the trace width. You can provide a different width for each net or define the default trace width for all nets. We can also configure the minimum and maximum trace widths can.

Click the “Clearance” option to adjust the space between traces and pads. You can choose the minimal distance between traces, pads, and vias on various levels.

Click the “Via” tab to change the via size. You can specify different sizes for certain nets or set the default through size for all vias. Moreover, you may specify minimum and maximum through sizes.

You may also define other design criteria in the DRC dialog box, such as the minimum hole size and annular ring width.

Once you’ve established your design guidelines, save your modifications by clicking the “Save” button.

EasyEDA will automatically validate your design against the design guidelines when you work on your PCB layout. In addition, EasyEDA will send a warning message if you break any of the rules.

You can ensure that your PCB layout satisfies the requirements for your project and prevent mistakes and manufacturing problems by putting up your design rules in EasyEDA.

Copper pours

There are various advantages to using copper pours in your PCB design in EasyEDA:

The heat produced by PCB components may dissipate using copper pours. Therefore, you may lessen the chance of overheating and increase the dependability of your design by adding copper pours to locations with significant thermal loads.

Signal integrity can also improve via copper pours. Copper can lower noise and crosstalk in your design by giving return currents a low-impedance channel.

Copper can serve as an EMI barrier. As a result, you can lessen the possibility that your circuit will fail due to electromagnetic interference by enclosing delicate parts or traces in a copper pour.

Pours of copper can facilitate the production process. You may increase the effectiveness of the etching process and lower the possibility of mistakes by providing a sizable area of copper on the board.

Copper pours can enhance the overall appearance of your PCB design in addition to these advantages. Adding copper pours to any vacant spots may give the board a more polished and professional appearance.

It is easy to add copper pours with EasyEDA. You may construct a copper pour by using the “Copper Area” tool and drawing a polygon over the required area. Then, under the properties panel, you may modify the attributes of the copper pour, including the net association and clearing.

Design review

Hardware Layout
Hardware Layout

Check your PCB design for flaws like disconnected pins, design rule violations, or overlapping traces.

Use EasyEDA’s Design Rule Check (DRC) feature to verify your design for problems. The DRC tool can look for frequent mistakes, including overlapping components, trace width violations, and clearance violations.

Check the netlist to confirm the connections between the components. All components should connect correctly, and the netlist and schematic should match.

Examine the physical layout for flaws like overlapping components, incorrect trace spacing, or vias that are too near to one another.

Double-check the polarity of components, especially polarized components such as diodes and electrolytic capacitors.

Verify that the ground and power connections are free of mistakes. Verify that all power and ground connections are secure and that the power and ground planes are uninterrupted.

Check the footprints of the components to ensure they are the proper size and shape.

Check the bill of materials (BOM) to ensure all parts have the appropriate quantities and values.

If feasible, get a second pair of eyes to check your design for flaws. Often, we may find overlooked faults through a new perspective.

By checking it for faults, you may ensure that your PCB design is practical, dependable, and prepared for production.

Add SMT Assembly

After completing your design, select “Order PCB” from the toolbar at the top of the screen.

Click “Next” after choosing the necessary PCB amount and layer count.

Choose “SMT Assembly” under the “Assembly” menu, then pick the settings that best meet your needs. For example, if you want the EasyEDA team to manage every aspect of the assembly process, you may choose “Full Turnkey” or “Partial Turnkey” if you prefer to supply part of the components.

Click “Next” after making your selections, then enter your mailing address and credit card information.

Once you have reviewed the information for your order, click “Submit Order” to place it.

EasyEDA will start processing your PCB and assembly order as soon as you place it. Then, when your order is ready for shipping, you will receive an email notification.

Remember that EasyEDA provides through-hole assembly services, which one may choose on the “Assembly” page during ordering.

Advantages of using EasyEDA

Electronic engineers, amateurs, and students may design, test, and validate their electronic circuits fast and effectively with the help of this complete program. In addition, the software’s unique features, simplicity, and ease of use have helped it become more well-liked by users.

Integration with Other Tools

Users may easily import and export their designs because of EasyEDA’s integration with other tools. The software makes it simple to move designs across programs by supporting various file formats, including Altium, Eagle, and KiCad. Also, the program interfaces with widely used online storage platforms like Dropbox and Google Drive, making it simple to share and back up projects.

Low Cost

A less expensive option than other electrical design software is EasyEDA. We may complete little tasks using the program for free, and for more complex features, customers can switch to a premium subscription. The subscription plans are reasonably priced compared to comparable applications and provide outstanding value.

3D Visualization

Users of EasyEDA may see their PCB designs in 3D thanks to the program’s 3D visualization function. To help customers visualize how their design would appear in practice, the program creates a 3D model of the PCB. In addition, checking component placement and looking for potential design issues are possible uses for the 3D visualization function.

Simulation and Analysis

Users of EasyEDA may model and evaluate their circuits thanks to the program’s robust simulation engine. The program provides a variety of simulation models, including SPICE and Verilog, and supports both analog and digital simulations. In addition, users may easily comprehend and examine their circuits thanks to the graphical display of the simulation results.

Schematic Capture and PCB Design

Users of EasyEDA may create PCBs and schematics in the same piece of software. Program users may rapidly and effectively develop intricate schematics and PCBs thanks to the software’s complete range of capabilities. In addition, users can import pre-existing designs or start from scratch when designing their schematics and PCBs.

Large Component Library

Users may quickly locate the components they want for their designs thanks to the extensive library of components available in EasyEDA. Components, including resistors, capacitors, diodes, transistors, and ICs, are found in the library. Users can also design their own components or import components from other sources.

Collaborative Design

Real-time design collaboration is possible for users of EasyEDA. It is simple to exchange concepts and designs when several individuals work on the same project simultaneously. In addition, users may connect using the software’s built-in chat tool, making it simpler to debate changes, make improvement suggestions, and exchange expertise.

User-Friendly Interface

Users may easily move through the program because of EasyEDA’s simple user interface. All the tools and functions are readily available. The interface is straightforward, tidy, and simple. Users can add wires, drag and drop components, and construct their circuits. The program is suitable for educational and professional usage because it is suited for both novices and specialists.

Disadvantages of EasyEDA

Although EasyEDA provides many benefits, users should be aware of certain potential drawbacks. They consist of the following:

Limited Integration with Other Tools

While EasyEDA connects with other programs, some users might think the integration isn’t robust. For example, there may be restrictions on the quantity of data that may move between applications, or the program may not support all file types.

Privacy and Security Concerns

Users may worry about the security and privacy of their data as EasyEDA is cloud-based. Although the program has security safeguards like encryption and user authentication, some users may want to store their design data on a local computer or server for additional security.

Reliance on Internet Connectivity

EasyEDA requires an internet connection because it is a cloud-based application. As a result, the program’s performance may be impacted by slow or unstable internet access, possibly leading to data loss.

Steep Learning Curve

Although having a simple user interface, some users may find that it takes a while to get the hang of all of EasyEDA’s features and functionality. In addition, before they can use the software effectively, users with little to no expertise in electronic design software might need to learn the fundamentals.

Limited Functionality for Large Projects

Even though EasyEDA is a sophisticated program, it might not be appropriate for extensive and complicated applications. In addition, larger designs may be challenging for the program to manage because they are for small to medium-sized projects.

Limited Customization

Although EasyEDA includes a wide library of components, some users could discover that it is missing certain essential ones. In addition, although users can import bespoke components, there could be restrictions on how much we can customize the software.

Limited Offline Access

EasyEDA’s cloud-based nature, which necessitates an internet connection for users to access it, is one possible drawback. While this is practical for distant work and collaboration, it may provide issues for those who need to work offline.

 

 

 

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