The abbreviation UFT stands for Unified Functional Testing, formerly known as QTP or Quick Test Professional. All functional testing scenarios can be automated by employing the technique of VB Scripting. Here, we’re utilizing the UFT tool to automate a sample application. We are attempting to describe each step involved in automating the test case. First, we’ll help you comprehend its functional scenario that is going to automated later here.
What is UFT Testing?
Microfocus changed the name of QTP to UFT explained as Unified Functional Testing). Functional testing, regression testing, as well as service testing are the main uses of the program. UFT enables testers to automate the actions of user on the web or a client-based computer program, test those actions, and find potential faults that may arise.
This holds true for the identical activities performed by multiple users on different operating systems for Windows as well as browsers using various data sets. If designed and carried out effectively, automation utilizing QTP/UFT can save a significant amount of money and time.
Version 12.01 of the automation tool for functional testing known as UFT Testing is presently available (since July 2014). Its supporting features encourage programmers as well as testers to create and deliver high-quality, bug-free software to fulfill business requirements. Because of its superior features, the HP UFT program and UFT specialists are both in high demand.
Unified Functional Testing was created to address the difficulties posed by the ongoing technological advancements and procedures. Automation testing could significantly increase the quality of your software while reducing testing complexity and costs even in environments that are rapidly changing.
The communication between developers and testers is greatly enhanced by its incorporation with the lifecycle management. UFT Testing, which is originally called QuickTest Professional offers regression and functional test automation across software environments and applications.
Features of UFT Testing
In repositories of shared objects, web components are saved as objects. Multiple actions or tests leverage the shared object repository. Repository name comes defined by the user as the page names, making them simple to recognize.
Each page’s shared repositories will house the objects on that page. This enhances maintainability and reusability. It is possible to export these repositories as xml file formats, which can then be loaded at a later time.
Sub procedures or functions that are created would be added to this particular folder. Functions are designed to be reused and application-neutral. A few basic features are built into libraries, such as the ability to generate unique numbers using the current time and date and the ability to take screenshots and save them in a specified file directory for both Windows and web applications.
All test data are available as an excel sheet in the folder for test data. This page will include the test information needed for the whole execution. A unique testing data sheet would be utilized for each and every reusable test that is produced.
The Excel sheets were imported during execution, and the test data from the Excel sheet is used. This makes it easier to evaluate the application being tested with different test data simultaneously. Test data is also passed to this test using global and local sheets.
While running test scripts, an application may throw various unexpected failures, such as test run errors, pop-up windows, and object state errors. Recovery scenarios also plays a useful role in restoring the test as well as resume running it. By defining the trigger events that prevents the execution from continuing and the appropriate action that must be taken when it does, recovery scenarios can be defined. When this test execution resumes after an interruption, post recovery actions are offered.
By separating the application to various business flows, reusable actions have been produced. In accordance with the requirement, many actions could be created during a test. Other tests can use these actions repeatedly. Script maintenance is simpler than linear framework maintenance. This increases the reuse of the code.
Master Driver Scripts are the scripts that control the whole execution. Using functional flow as a guide, reusable actions have been invoked. This script uses object repositories that are shared and function libraries to carry out some basic validations and functions.
This default report is one of the test reports produced by UFT. Using reporter, we have altered the standard report. Using the report event technique, testers may quickly pinpoint the precise stage at which the test ended in failure. This test result is exportable and can be distributed to the team. We can also add defects to the HP ALM thanks to it. Using the GUI Testing alternatives in the tools, screen shots, photos, or videos of the whole test run could be recorded.
Why QTP/UFT can be Regarded as the Best Testing Tool?
- This tool is icon-based and it helps in automating the functional testing and regression of a specific application
- Both the non-technical and technical tester could utilize the Micro Focus QTP
- Also, it helps in the provision of features-record and playback
- It is possible to test the Web-based and the desktop applications
- Business Process Testing is possible
- QTP testing works with respect to VB script (a scripting language)
- UFT testing utilizes VBScript in automating applications
- QTP tool assists testers in performing uninterrupted functional and automated testing
- Supports the largest software development pool environments such as Oracle, SAP, etc
- QTP/UFT functions on Windows, as well as many browsers like Firefox, Chrome, etc.
- Helps in running checks related to quality assurance on that software under testing
- It makes report generation, result validation, and navigation easy
Advantages of UFT Testing
- Supports playback and record
- Makes use of the active screen in recording scripts, as well as assists the tester in the referring of the properties of its screen object.
- Possesses great mechanism or process of object identification
- Supports some add-ins such as Java, Oracle, NET, SAP, People Soft, Web Forms, etc
- You can enhance existing tests without using AUT via active screens
- Supports well-known automated frameworks –testing approach that is keyword driven, data-driven, as well as the modular testing approaches
- Includes a built-in IDE
- Could be incorporated with tools for test management such as Test Director, Quality Center, as well as Winrunner
- You can easily maintain different suite types like Sanity, Regression, Smoke, etc
- Supports XML
- Maintenance is easy
- You can test report via QTP for purpose of analysis
UFT vs QTP: What are the New Features UFT Testing Supports?
Although UFT is the most recent edition of QTP featuring a number of new features, it is still the most sophisticated option for regression and functional testing.
Let’s examine the differences between UFT and QTP and all the new features that UFT supports to aid testers and developers in swiftly and securely testing objects, the components, and entire systems.
People that have been utilizing QTP for a while and are comfortable with it test numerous software functions every day to detect and fix defects. They also utilize many additional tools in addition to QTP even during the testing process to produce high-quality software that is bug-free. After UFT is released, the issue of why to choose it and how it is superior to other options undoubtedly arises, how the application can be tested in a better way making use of the new features of UFT. Let’s give a solution to all these questions.
HP UFT = Service Test (HP) + QuickTest Professional (HP)
UFT testing stands for software that contains all of QTP and the service test’s functionality. Its interface layer, service layer, as well as database layer of software applications may all be tested thanks to the integrated HP UFT Testing suite.
While UFT supports both GUI as well as API testing, QTP solely supports GUI testing for testing the functionality of Web and Windows applications.
UFT and QTP’s welcome page
Start Page: QTP’s welcome page differs slightly from UFT’s with respect to color, appearance, content, and text style. QTP offers numerous tool icons on its welcome page so that users can test applications as needed. Additionally, it shows files that you’ve already viewed for professional purposes and offers the option to remove the welcome screen.
This is ranked among the simplest and best methods for organizing images (objects), makes recording simpler by offering a recording toolbar. Also, I t helps in identifying applications that are run or executed on remote systems and identifies things and programs that UFT has never been able to recognize using straightforward methods.
UFT testing was created to handle the difficulties posed by the ongoing changes going on in technology as well as procedures. Even in situations that change the most quickly, automation testing may significantly increase the quality of your software while reducing testing expenses and complexity. HP made a great invention with UFT, which offers a user-friendly IDE enabling the testing of any type of API and GUI.