Print circuits boards have come in handy in the tech evolution. Because of PCBs, we can now utilize tiny gadgets that do much more than the olden day “large” gadgets. However, manufacturers need to use high-quality components to generate efficient print circuit boards. And that is where the Nelco N4000-13 High-Speed Multifunctional Epoxy Laminate and Prepreg comes in. But what does this component do?

## About the Nelco N4000-13

The Nelco N4000-13 laminate is an enhanced system of epoxy resin carefully crafted to provide:

- Lower signal losses/ higher signal speeds and,
- Impressive thermal properties

The Nelco N4000-13 is great for operations that need impedance control and excellent signal integrity. To maintain reliability through such operations, the Nelco N4000-13 has:

## Key Features of the Nelco N4000-13

### CAF Resistance

The Nelco N4000-13’s CAF resistance and low Z-CTE offer prolonged reliability for:

### Tg>210, impressive thermal, signal loss, electrical properties

The Nelco N4000-13 has excellent thickness control, which comes in handy in tight tolerance impedance.

What’s more, the Nelco N4000-13 has low Dk and Df for high-speed signal propagation and lower signal distortion needed by:

- Applications that require high reliability
- Applications that utilize high frequencies ranging from 1 to 10 GHz

### Signal integrity

The Nelco N4000-13 has an SI (signal integrity) option for:

- Low-loss operations
- Enhanced performance

### High-Tg and FR-4 processing

Nelco N4000-13 processing is pretty similar to the traditional high-Tg and FR-4 materials.

Processing, in this case, includes ninety minutes of pressing at around 193^{0}C at a range of 275 to 350 psi.

### Nelco N4000-13 processing is lead-free compatible.

The Nelco N4000-13 is well suited for assemblies with a max-reflow temperature of around 245^{0}C. But, the Nelco N4000-13 also provides excellent results in assemblies with a max-reflow temperature of 260^{0}C. The results of the second condition mainly depend upon:

- The print circuit design
- The manufacturing process

### Construction variations

Many construction variations for the Nelco N4000-13 exist. What’s more, you can choose between:

- Different copper weights and
- Varying glass styles

Some variations that you can find in the market include:

- Variations having low profiles of copper
- Standard copper variations
- RTFOIL
- Double treat

The Nelco N4000-13 is also available as a two mil core component that meets the capacitive laminate specifications.

What’s more, the Nelco N4000-13 meets the following specifications:

- UL 94V-0
- IPC-4101/29

## Applications of the Nelco N4000-13

You can utilize the Nelco N4000-13 to undertake so many functions.

However, here are the main application areas of the Nelco N4000-13:

- Routing/internet switching systems
- Developing fast storage networks
- Generating high-speed services
- Developing wireless communication
- CSP attachment
- MCM-Ls
- BGA multilayers
- Backplanes
- Fine-Line Multilayers
- Surface-mounting Multilayers

## Physical properties of the Nelco N4000-13

The Nelco N4000-13 has the following physical properties:

Density – the density of the Nelco N4000-13 stands at 1.91 g/cc

Water absorption – the water absorption rate of the Nelco N4000-13 stands at 0.10 %

## Mechanical properties

When you apply force onto a material, it exhibits some properties. These properties are known as mechanical properties. Mechanical properties include:

- Fatigue limit
- Hardness
- Elongation
- Tensile strength

The Nelco N4000-13 bears the following mechanical properties:

**Modulus of Elasticity **– the Nelco N4000-13’s modulus of elasticity stands at 22.8 GPa (Y) and 29.0 GPa (X).

**Poissons Ratio – **the posissons ratio of the Nelco N4000-13 are as follows:

- 0.11 (Y)
- 0.13 (X)

**Peel strength –** the Nelco N4000-13 has the following peel strengths:

- 1.31 kN/m – after the solder float process
- 1.42 kN/m – at high temperatures
- 1.58 kN/m – after process solutions exposure

## Electrical properties of the Nelco N4000-13

These properties align with the component’s ability to conduct electric current. Examples of electrical properties include:

- Dielectric strength
- Thermoelectricity
- Electrical conductivity
- Resistivity

Therefore, the Nelco N4000-13 has the following electrical properties:

**Volume resistivity – **the Nelco N4000-13 has a volume resistivity of:

- 1.00e + 13 ohms-cm (E-24/125)
- 1.00e + 14 ohms-cm (C-96/35/90)

**Surface Resistance – **The Nelco N4000-13 has the following surface resistance:

- 1.00e + 13 ohms (C-96/35/90)
- 1.00e + 13 ohms (E – 24/125)

**Dielectric constant **– in terms of a dielectric constant, the Nelco N4000-13 has the following values:

- At a frequency of 1.00e + 10Hz, the Nelco N4000-13 has a dielectric constant of 3.6 (at the stripline)
- At a frequency of 1.00e + 10Hz, the dielectric constant of the Nelco N4000-13 can also be 3.7 (at the split post cavity)
- The Nelco N4000-13 has a dielectric constant of 3.7 (RF impedance) at a frequency of 1.00e + 9 Hz.
- Lastly, at a frequency of 2.50e + 9 Hz, the Nelco N4000-13 has a dielectric constant of 3.7 (at the split post cavity)

**Dielectric strength **– The Nelco N4000-13 has a dielectric strength of 47.2 kV/mm

**Dissipation factor – **the Nelco N4000-13 has the following dissipation factor values:

- At a frequency of 1.00e + 10 Hz, the Nelco N4000-13 has a dissipation factor of 0.0080 (split post cavity)
- At a frequency of 2.50e + 9Hz, the Nelco N4000-13 has a dissipation factor of 0.0090 (split post cavity)
- Lastly, the Nelco N4000-13 has a dissipation factor of 0.0090 at a frequency of 1.00e + 10 Hz (stripline)

**Arc Resistance **– Nelco N4000-13s have an arc resistance of 123 seconds

## Thermal Properties

The thermal properties of a component are the properties that relate to the component’s heat conductivity.

**CTE, linear – **the CTE, Linear values of the Nelco N4000-13 are as follows:

- 10.0 – 14.0 µm/m-°C at a temperature range of -40.0 to 125
^{0}C - 70.06 µm/m-°C at a temperature range of 50.0 to 210
^{0}C - 280.22 µm/m-°C at a temperature range of 210 to 260
^{0}C

**Specific Heat capacity **– The Nelco N4000-13 has a specific heat capacity of 1.21 J/g-^{0}C

**Thermal conductivity **– the thermal conductivity of a Nelco N4000-13 stands at 0.350 W/m-K

**Glass transition temperature (Tg) **– Nelco N4000-13’s have a glass transitioning temperature of:

- 200
^{0}C (TMA) - 210
^{0}C (DSC) - 240
^{0}C (DMA)

**Decomposition temperature **– The decomposition temperature of Nelco N4000-13 stands at 350^{0}C

**Flammability **– Nelco N4000-13s have a flammability value of V-0

**Descriptive Properties**

**Resistance to methylene Chloride **– The Nelco N4000-13 has a methylene chloride resistance value of 0.7.

## Conclusion

The Nelco N4000-13 is efficient, durable, and has excellent tensile strength. When you combine these advantages with the many application areas of the Nelco N4000-13, you get one pretty efficient laminate. A laminate that does not require a lot of maintenance and one that is destined to produce quality PCBs every time.